King Ah Mose
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Pharaoh Ah Mose the Great

 

1539-1514 BC

King Ah Mose the Great

Queen Ahmose-Nofretari, Wife of King Ah Mose

The Son of King Tao II (Djehuty) (Sekenenre) 17th Dynasty

(reigned c. 1539-14 BC), founder of the 18th dynasty, 

who completed his brother Ka Mose's expulsion of the Hyksos (Asiatic rulers of Egypt), 

invaded Palestine, and re-exerted Egypt's hegemony over Nubia, to the south.

King Tao II Sekenenre

father of King Ah Mose

Queen Teti Sheri

 Grand Mother of King Ah Mose

Ahmose-Henttimehu sister of King Ah Mose

Ahmose-Hentempet  sister of King Ah Mose

King Ah Mose
Resuming the war of liberation against the Hyksos early in his reign, Ahmose crushed the foreigners' allies in Middle Egypt and, advancing down the Nile River, captured Memphis, the traditional capital of Egypt, near modern Cairo. While his mother, Queen Ahhotep, ran the government in Thebes, near modern Luxor, he undertook a waterborne operation against Avaris, the Hyksos capital, in the eastern delta, followed by a land siege. When a rebellion flared in Upper Egypt, he hastened upriver to quell the rising, while the queen mother Ahhotep helped to contain it. Having put down the rising, he captured Avaris and then pursued the enemy to Sharuhen, a Hyksos stronghold in Palestine, which was reduced after a three-year siege.

Before advancing into Palestine, Ahmose, in three campaigns, advanced into Nubia, whose ruler had been an ally of the Hyksos. The rich gold mines of the south provided another incentive for Ahmose's expansion into Nubia.

After his borders were secure, Ahmose established an administration loyal to him in Egypt and granted lands to distinguished veterans of his campaigns and to members of the royal family. He reactivated the copper mines at Sinai and resumed trade with the cities of the Syrian coast, as attested by inscriptions recording the use of cedar found in Syria and by the rich jewelry from his reign. He restored neglected temples, erected chapels for his family, and planned more ambitious works, but he died soon afterward, leaving a prosperous and reunited Egypt.

Historic events

Egypt was Defeated at the end of the Second Intermediate period by the superior Nomadic Semites forces from Canaan and Syria, who used a new weapon, the Chariot and they were called the shepherd Kings.

North of Egypt was occupied and the Egyptian suffered Harsh Slavery under the brutal barbaric nomads known as the Hyksos.

The Hyksos Worship the God Set (Satan) who was equivalent to their God(s) the god of Storms and wars

The Egyptians were enslaved by the Hyksos in the north and were forced to build the New city for the Hyksos known as Avaris.

The rise of the Princes of Thebes to liberate Egypt, the south of Egypt under their control.

 Building and Reorganization of the Army, and the advancing of new Weapons, including the Chariot, which he modified

Death of King/ Prince Seqenenra, who fell in battle, after the start of the war of liberation.

The two great Brothers: Prince Ka Mose & Prince Ah Mose pursue the War of Liberation and deliver Egypt from the Wicked Hyksos.

Two great Generals, Admiral Ah Mose Abana commander of the new Fleet and Ah Mose Pen-Nekhbet

The Defeated Hyksos entrenched themselves into the city of Avaris, besieged by the Egyptian army. Under a banner of truth, their expulsion from Egypt was agreed by the victorious Theban army.

The Hyksos and their families began their sojourn through the Wilderness of the Sinai Desert back to where they came from and lost the  fertile land of Egypt.     

Egypt was delivered and liberated by Prince Ah Mose from the wicked hands of the Pharaoh / Hyksos and his Allies of Middle and  northern  Egypt.  

Prince Ah Mose, Heir to the Egyptian thrown, was crowned Pharaoh of Upper & Lower Egypt.   

NB: King Ah Mose Mummy reveals that he was not circumcised,

The alleged Moses in the bible was also apparently not circumcised, for circumcision was compulsory in the priest hood and mandatory for the rest in Egypt.

King Ah Mose pursued the enemy to Sharuhen, a Hyksos stronghold in Palestine, which was reduced after a three-year siege.  

The conquest of Nubia & Kush and the western Nomadic tribes know as the Libu.

The Conquest of Sinai and the push towards the Final destruction of the Hyksos.

The preparation for the conquest of Canaan, Byblos, and the Middle Eastern Regions that posed threat to Egypt.

Egypt becomes a major power and rises again as a world force.

NB: The auto biography of Pharaoh Ah Mose was the Ego Spirit behind the legend of the Exodus, which was changed by biblical writers who  borrowed the story of the Expulsion of the Shepherd Kings into the Exodus 

The Tempest Stela

 

References

King Tao II (Djehuty) (Sekenenre)

King Ka Mose

The Quarrel of Apophis and Sekenenre

Ah Mose Memorial

The Autobiography of  Admiral Ahmose, Son of Abana

Biography of General Ahmose Pen-Nekhbet

Menatho 

Josephus Flavuis 

Royal Mummies XVII Dynasty

Royal Mummies XVIII Dynasty

 

At the time of his succession Ahmose was only young and the Queen Mother, Ahotep ruled. Ahmose followed up the attack on Avaris eleven years after the initial confrontation by his predecessor (Kamose). Ahmose took his army north through Heliopolis to Tjaru (the fortress town of Tell El - Aba). By doing this the Hyksos were unable to retreat to Palestine via Sinai.

Some details of the war on Avaris that followed have been discovered at the temple built by Ahmose at Abydos. The city of Avaris was under siege for a considerable time after which the Hyksos surrendered and agreed to a treaty which forced the exodus of all Hyksos from Egypt.

Following the capture of Avaris Ahmose led a further campaign to Southern Palestine and then into Lebanon. Ahmose then took his army south to Khent-Hen-Nefer (south of the second cataract) in order to destroy the threat of the Nubian bowmen. He then regained control of Buhen. There were a further two confrontations that Ahmose then had to deal with. The first was with a small group of Nubians that went into Upper Egypt on a raid .This was not a significant problem as the perpetrators did not even attack the army.

The other was led by Teti-An, an Egyptian. He had gathered together a group of people who had previously served the Hyksos king to attempt to overthrow King Ahmose. Ahmose`s army killed Teti-An and his rebel supporters.

During the rest of his reign Ahmose had many temples and monuments erected at Memphis, Karnak, Heliopolis, Abydos, Avaris and Buhen. Following the re-unification of Egypt there was an increase in wealth and a development of skills by artists. The style of art that had developed by the end of Ahmose`s reign set the standard of artwork found in the remainder of the 18th Dynasty. There appears to have been some contact with the peoples of the Aegean as, a palace built by Ahmose in Avaris, was decorate with Minoan frescoes. Memphis was also the center of further building work in the early 18th Dynasty. During Ahmose`s reign temples were built in honor of the gods, Ptah, Amun, Montu and Osiris.

Two stele have been found in the third pylon of the Karnak temple. One stele called the "Tempest Stele" states that Ahmose rebuilt tombs and pyramids in Thebes that had been damaged "by a storm sent to Upper Egypt by the power of Amun",whose statue had been left in a state of decay. It also states that the land was covered with water, this may mean that the usual Nile flood had been excessive. Ahmose supplied expensive goods in order to restore the area.

The second stele, the "Donation stele", tells of how Ahmose bought the "Second Priesthood of Amun" for his wife, Ahmose-Nefertari. The king paid for this from the wealth of his office, restoring him as the benefactor and linking Amun with the royal line.

A further stele, found in the eighth pylon court of Karnak from year 18 of Ahmose`s reign, stresses the power of the royal family and lists equipment Ahmose had made and dedicated to the cult of the Karnak Temple. Items such as gold offering tables, gold and silver libation vessels and drinking cups for the statue of Amun, musical instruments, jewellery for the statues and a new wooden processional boat for the temple`s statues were provided.

 

 

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